English Romantic poet and satirist, was brought up in poverty in Scotland. At the age of 10 he inherited his great-uncle's title and property, and moved to Newstead Abbey, England. Byron was educated at Harrow and later Cambridge. Travels in Greece resulted in the sardonic poem Childe Harold's Pilgrimage. In January 1815 he married Annabella Milbanke, who bore him a daughter, Augusta, and then left him. Rumor named his relationship with his half-sister, Augusta Leigh, as the cause, and Byron was ostracized. He sold Newstead and began a debauched life in Italy, often in the company of the poet Shelley and his friends. One of these was Claire Clairmont, the mother of Byron's daughter Allegra. During 1818-23, years spent with Teresa Guiccioli, he wrote three cantos of Don Juan, a satirical romance, the Prophecy of Dante, and four poetic dramas. Longing to help Greece obtain independence from Turkey, he joined their fight in December 1823, but died of fever on April 19, 1824. Refused burial in Westminster Abbey, he is buried with his ancestors near Newstead Abbey.
born Teresa Gamba Ghiselli, was the daughter of Count Gamba, a nobleman from Ravenna in Italy. Teresa had a good convent-school education, and at 17 was married--in a marriage of convenience--to 60 year old Count Alessandro Guiccioli as his third wife. She separated from him at the height of her passionate affair with Byron, and went to live with her father and brother, whose political views had earned them exile in Pisa. In 1851, 27 years after Byron's death, Teresa married the French Marquis de Boissy and in 1868 wrote (in French) her recollections: Lord Byron Judged by the Witnesses of his Life.